• National Service Scheme (NSS)


National Service Scheme (NSS) launched in the Mahatma Gandhi’s Birth Centenary Year 1969, is a flagship Programme of the Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports, Government of India. NSS is a Student Youth personality development programme through community services.

NSS which was a Centrally Sponsored Scheme since its inception, was declared a Central Sector Scheme in the year 2016-17

NSS which started with 40000 volunteers in 1969 has reached to over 35.5 lakhs i.e about 90-fold increase. Its coverage as on March 31, 2017 is as under.

Sl. No Units Number
1 States & UTs 36
2 Universities 391
3 +2 Councils 42
4 Colleges/ Institutions 16278
5 Sr. Secondary Schools 12483
6 NSS Units 41442
7 Volunteers 3658000

The target is to increase the enrolment of volunteers under NSS to 40 lakhs by 2020.

Evaluation studies of NSS have been undertaken periodically since the introduction of the scheme. The first evaluation of NSS was done by 4 TORCs in the year 1986-87 covering the institutions under their jurisdiction. A decade later, Indian Institute of Public Administration (IIPA) in the year 1996-97 evaluated the scheme as an external agency.  The last evaluation of NSS was undertaken in 2006 by Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS).  After a decade of that evaluation the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports has desired evaluation of National Service Scheme (NSS). The agencies empanelled with NITI Aayog were asked to submit the proposals. Invision Communications & Research Pvt. Ltd has been awarded the study through competitive bidding.


For this evaluation, the coverage is 6 States: one each from six regions namely North, South, East, West, Central and North-Eastern. In each state, the coverage is Directors of respective Regional Centres, State NSS Officers, Program Coordinators of Universities (2) and +2 councils (1).  Further, in each state minimum four (4) colleges and two (2) senior secondary schools have been selected for detailed investigations. In each of these colleges and senior secondary schools, program officers of NSS Units and volunteers have been interviewed.

The methodology adopted for evaluation has been a judicious combination of Primary and Secondary research. The Primary Research entailed interactions with Officials of the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, Directorate of NSS, Secretary In-charge of NSS in states, Regional Directors, State NSS Officers, Director-ETIs, Program Co-ordinators at University, +2 Council level and interview at NSS Unit level. The Secondary Research involved Review of Literature on NSS Evaluations, perusal of records and registered maintained at University, +2 Council level and NSS Unit level. Flow of funds from Centre to NSS units.

  • Construction of Hostels for OBC Boys and Girls


Students belonging to Other Backward Classes (OBC) specifically from rural areas discontinue their studies because of lack of secondary schools and colleges nearby. If these students wish to pursue education at educational institutions, they face the problem of non-availability of hostel facilities. To enable them to pursue secondary and higher education, the Centrally-sponsored Scheme for Construction of Hostels for OBC Boys and Girls was initiated in 1998-99 (revised in 2014-15) with a view to providing hostel facilities to students belonging to OBCs. The Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment desired an evaluation of the scheme, and Invision Communications & Research was awarded the study through open competitive bidding.


The study covered 7 states i.e. Assam Chhattisgarh, Manipur, Odisha, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand.

The methodology used is a judicious combination of

  1. Secondary Research through review of records of OBC Hostel Scheme.
  2. Primary Research through visit to Hostels in the study states and conducting

Facility Survey of Hostel Buildings and premises

  1. In-depth Interviews with Hostel Warden & Inmates
  2. Perusal of Records.

The study tools used in the study are:

  1. Observational Checklist for Facility Survey of functional hostels
  2. Questionnaire for Feedback from Hostel Warden in functional hostels
  3. Questionnaire for Feedback from Hostel Inmates in functional hostels
  4. Checklist for Hostel Constructed but non Functional
  5. Checklist for Hostel under Construction
  6. Checklist - Where the construction has not yet started
  • Market Intelligence Study on Availability and Demand of Livelihood Opportunities for Youth


Saksham, launched in 2010, is a Plan India initiative to enable youth in the age group of 18 -35 years from urban disadvantaged areas to get a job or be self-employed by giving them the skills through training. Youth are being provided training on work-place and English communication, basic computer and internet, life skills and financial literacy. Over 5500 youth have already been provided training with 75% of them are either being placed in decent jobs or are self-employed.

Invision Communications & Research Pvt. Ltd. has undertaken “Market Intelligence Study on Availability and Demand of livelihood Opportunity for Youth” for ALAMB / Plan India.


The coverage of the study is NCR of Delhi with special focus on 5 areas of Plan India intervention as under:

Sr. No Locality/Areas
1 Uttamnagar, Dwarka and Mohangarden
2 Mangolpuri and Sultanpuri
3 Rangpuri Pahari and Mahipalpur
4 Badarpur and MadanpurKhadar
5 Holambi Kalan

Consistent with the scope of work and objectives of the study the target respondentidentified are:

  1. Youth (Male & Female) Satisfying the following inclusion criteria
    1. Age group of
      1. 18-29 years for salaried job
      2. 18-35 years for self-employment
    2. Qualification – Minimum Education Secondary level (10th pass)
  2. Community Influencers including NGOs/ SHGs
  3. Employers / Businesses/ Industries

The methodology adopted in the study is a judicious combination of Primary & Secondary Research.

The sample covered in the study is as under:

Sr.  No Locality/ Area Youth Male Youth Female Key informants
1 Holambi Kalan 30 31 13
2 Badarpur/ MadanpurKhadar 42 18 11
3 Mangolpuri/ Sultanpuri 33 35 6
4 Rangpuri Pahari/ Mahipalpur 35 35 10
5 Mohangarden/ Uttamnagar/ Dwarka 34 33 10
6 Total 174 152 50

The sample of Employers / Employees covered from different businesses and stores across Delhi is 32. The overall sample covered is 408.